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D. Scott Davis
D. Scott Davis

D. Scott Davis (born 1952 in Medford, Oregon) is an American businessman that is the Chairman of the Board of Directors United Parcel Service, Inc. (UPS). He was the company’s chief executive officer until August 30, 2014.

Biography:

Davis has a bachelor’s degree in accounting from Portland State University and is a Certified Public Accountant. After graduating from college in 1974, he first worked for accounting firm Arthur Andersen. A native of Medford, Oregon, Davis joined UPS in 1986 when the company acquired II Morrow, an Oregon technology company.

Davis completed a term as chairman of the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta in 2009. He is also on the Board of Honeywell International, Inc., and in 2010, joined the President’s Export Council, the principal national advisory committee on international trade

While CEO of UPS in 2008, Davis earned a total compensation of $5,168,664, which included a base salary of $960,000, a cash bonus of $176,944, stocks granted of $3,564,087, options granted of $437,619, and other compensation of $30,014.

Sergio Ermotti
Sergio Ermotti

Sergio P. Ermotti (born 11 May 1960 in Lugano, Switzerland) is a Swiss banker from Lugano, Switzerland. He is Group CEO of UBS since November 2011, having held the position of Group Chief Executive Officer on an interim basis since September 2011. In 2014, following the restructuring process of the UBS AG, he was appointed to the same position of a Group Chief Executive Officer within the new UBS Group AG.

Personal life:

Sergio P. Ermotti was born on May 11, 1960. He left school at age 15, deciding to follow in the footsteps of his father, he began his career as a young apprentice at the Cornèr Bank in Lugano. As an apprentice, Ermotti learned to sell stocks and trade them.

Education:

Ermotti holds a Swiss federal banking expert diploma and is a graduate of the Advanced Management Program at Oxford University.

Career:

After his apprenticeship as a stockbroker at the Cornèr Bank, Ermotti was later promoted to trading. Ermotti earned a diploma as a Swiss federal banking certified expert and a degree in the Advanced Management Program at Oxford University.

In 1985, Ermotti moved to Citibank where he traded equity-linked products and later served as its Resident Vice President. He later went on to Merrill Lynch in 1987 and stayed there for 16 years, holding various positions in equity derivatives and capital markets. He was eventually promoted to co-Head of Global Equity Markets and as a member of the Executive Management Committee for Global Markets & Investment Banking at Merrill Lynch, which he served between 2001 and 2003.

He joined UniCredit in December 2005 as Head of Markets & Investment Banking. From 2007 to 2010, he was UniCredit’s Deputy Chief Executive Officer with responsibility for the strategic business area, Corporate and Investment Banking and Private Banking.

Sergio P. Ermotti was appointed Chairman and CEO of UBS’s Europe, Middle East, and Africa group and became a member of the Group Executive Board in April 2011. He was appointed interim Group CEO of UBS beginning in September 24, 2011 before being given this post permanently on November 15, 2011. Because of his new responsibility as CEO, he resigned from his position as president of Darwin Airline in 2011. Sergio Ermotti was a member of the Board at the London Stock Exchange between September 2008 and July 2013. In November of 2014, he became Group Chief Executive Officer for UBS Group AG, and in 2015, the Swiss newspaper “Schweiz am Sonntag” elected him as the most successful manager of a company listed on the Swiss Market Index of the year 2015.

Activities and functions:

Stakeholder in the leisure industry group Tessal
Contributor to the LinkedIn Influencers Program, for which he writes about the global economy
Chairman of the Fondazione Ermotti, Lugano
Board member of the Fondazione Lugano per il Polo Culturale, Lugano
Board member of Global Apprenticeships Network
Board member of the Swiss-American Chamber of Commerce
Member of the Institut International D’Etudes Bancaires
Member of the Financial Services Forum
Member of the International Business Council at the World Economic Forum

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Shobhan Mittal – Greenply Industries Limited

Shobhan Mittal serves as Chief Executive Officier & Joint MD of Greenply Industries since February 5, 2015 and has been its Executive Director since September 1, 2006. In this limit, he controls an organization with a main position in India’s medium density fiberboard (MDF) and plywood buyer markets.

Shobhan Mittal manages the improvement of new items notwithstanding giving administration to the built arranging division’s deals and dispersion exercises. Moreover, he draws in with speculation accomplices in building up a universally engaged procedure for the organization.

Mr. Shobhan Mittal keeps up a solid group center and is on no time attempting to incorporate business forms with social welfare ventures. His firm works the Udayan Shalini Fellowship Programme, which contacts young ladies from parts of society that are monetarily underestimated. Its provincial tasks include medicinal services, cleanliness mindfulness, and training.

Dynamic with the All India Plastics Manufacturers Association, Shobhan Mittal likewise sits on the Advisory Committee on Sustainable Forest-based Industries inside the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization.

In his leisure time, Greenply Industries Limited CEO and Joint MD Shobhan Mittal appreciate going far and wide looking for the best scuba plunging spots. One of Shobhan Mittal’s most loved goals is the Maldives, which comprises of more than a thousand islands. The country is portrayed by white shorelines and different coral reefs that are home to an extensive variety of untamed life. Some of the Maldives excellent scuba diving spots loves by Shobhan Mittal are Fotteyo Kandu, Okobe Thila, Kuredu Express and Broken Rock.

Shobhan Mittal
Stefano Pessina
Stefano Pessina

Stefano Pessina (born 1941) is an Italian-born Monegasque billionaire businessman and the Executive Vice Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, and the single largest shareholder of Walgreens Boots Alliance.

Biography:

Early life:

Pessina was born in Pescara and grew up between Milan, Como and Naples.

He graduated from the Polytechnic University of Milan in nuclear engineering.

Career:

In 1977, he took over his family’s pharmaceutical wholesaler in Naples and turned it into Alliance Santé, a Franco-Italian pharmaceutical wholesale group. In 1997, it merged with Alliance UniChem, and he joined its Board of Directors. From 2001 to 2004, he served as its Chief Executive. He served as Executive Deputy Chairman, and later as Executive Chairman.

Stefano served as Executive Chairman of Alliance Boots from 2007 – 2014 and sat on the Board of Directors of Walgreens until Aug 2014. He now serves on the Board of Directors at Walgreens Boots Alliance. He also serves on the Board of Directors of the Consumer Goods Forum.

Personal life:

He is separated from his wife Barbara, and they have two children. He has been the partner of Ornella Barra for over 30 years. As of February 2015, he is worth US$11.4 billion, owning around 15% of Walgreens Boots Alliance.

He has lived in Monte Carlo, Monaco, for many years. His son, a banker, works at Walgreens Boots Alliance.

UK Labour Party “catastrophe”:

In a 31 January 2015 interview for The Sunday Telegraph, Pessina commented on the prospect of Britain’s Labour Party winning the UK general election in May 2015, “If they acted as they speak, it would be a catastrophe … The problem is would they act that way or not? One thing is to threaten and to shout but it is completely different to be in charge and to manage the country day-to-day.” He described Labour’s business policies as “not helpful for business, not helpful for the country and in the end it probably won’t be helpful for them”. The Sunday Telegraph noted that Pessina “declined to elaborate on which specific policies he disliked”.

On Sunday 1 February, Labour’s shadow Business Secretary Chuka Umunna, responded in The Independent, “The British people and British businesses will draw their own conclusions when those who don’t live here, don’t pay tax in this country and lead firms that reportedly avoid making a fair contribution in what they pay purport to know what is in Britain’s best interest.” On 2 February, in a live Q&A session with Sky News, the Labour Party leader Ed Miliband said, “The chairman of Boots lives in Monaco and doesn’t pay British taxes … I don’t think people should take kindly to being told how to vote by someone who avoids paying his taxes.”

On 2 February, Walgreens Boots Alliance stated, “The comments made by Stefano Pessina were a small part of a much larger conversation and have been taken out of context … Stefano Pessina was expressing his personal views only and is not campaigning against Ed Miliband or the Labour Party.” On 6 February, Allister Heath, deputy editor of The Telegraph, described the “attacks” by Labour and Liberal Democrat politicians on Pessina, “one of the world’s greatest entrepreneurs”, as being “as nonsensical as they were indefensible”.

Stephen K. Gunn.
Stephen K. Gunn.

Stephen K. Gunn is Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and co-Founder of Sleep Country Canada Inc, which he co-founded with Christine Magee and Gordon Lownds. As of June 2013, the company has 201 stores across Canada and 43 stores in the US (Sleep America).

Early life:

Gunn grew up in Montreal and Kingston. He completed an honours BSc in Electrical Engineering from Queen’s University and an MBA from the Richard Ivey School of Business (1981).

Career:

After university he joined McKinsey & Company as a Management Consultant (1981–1987). In 1987, he co-founded and was the President of Kenrick Capital, a private equity business. In October 1994, he co-founded Sleep Country Canada with Christine Magee and Gordon Lownds. He is currently on the board of directors for Dollarama, Cara Operations and Golf Town.

Personal life:

Gunn is married with a daughter and 3 sons. He enjoys golf, sailing and skiing.

Awards:

1998- Financial Post named him and Christine Magee the Ontario Entrepreneur of the Year, Retail/Wholesale
2003- Inducted into the Canadian Retail Hall of Fame, Retail Council of Canada
2004- Inducted into the Canadian Marketing Hall of Legends
2006- Recipient of CIRAS Henry Singer Award for exceptional leadership in the retailing and services sectors

 

Steve Easterbrook
Steve Easterbrook

Stephen James Easterbrook (born August 1967) is a British corporate executive.On 1 March 2015, after being chief brand officer of McDonald’s and its former head in the UK and northern Europe, he became the CEO of the company, succeeding Don Thompson, who stepped down on 28 January 2015.

Early life:

Stephen James Easterbrook was born in August 1967. He grew up in Watfordand was educated there at Watford Grammar School for Boys.He studied natural sciences at St Chad’s College, Durham University, where he played cricket with fellow student, Nasser Hussain, the former England cricket captain.

Career:

After university, he trained as an accountant with Price Waterhouse.Easterbrook first worked for McDonald’s in 1993 as a manager in London. In 2011 he left to become CEO of PizzaExpress and then CEO of Wagamama, two British casual dining chains, before returning to McDonald’s in 2013.

Personal life:

He is married with three children, who visit McDonald’s 113 times a month.He lives in Illinois and is a Watford FC football fan.

Steve Luczo
Steve Luczo

Stephen J. “Steve” Luczo (born February 28, 1957 in Chicago, Illinois) is the Chairman of the board of directors and CEO of Seagate. In January 2009, Luczo, Seagate’s chairman, was appointed president and chief executive officer, returning him to the role he held at Seagate from 1998 to 2004. Since Luczo’s return in 2009, Seagate’s stock has appreciated by 1600%, placing it among the top 5 performing stocks in the S&P 500.

Luczo is a member of the board of directors of the World Wildlife Fund, a member of the Advisory Board for All-Stars Helping Kids and is active in a variety of charitable and for-profit ventures through a wholly owned entity, Balance Vector, Inc. His charity initiatives are primarily focused on global environmental issues and programs to help at-risk children in the urban centers of the United States and the rural areas of Sicily, and he is a major donor to Stanford University and Hospital, the World Wildlife Fund, and the Palo Alto Medical Foundation. In 2015, to recognize his support for education in service to the Italian Republic, Italy’s President Sergio Mattarella honored Luczo with the title Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Stella d’Italia (a knighthood known in English as the “Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity”).

He has served on the boards of directors of Microsoft Corporation (including serving on the CEO Search Committee and as Chairman of the Compensation Committee), Veritas Software and VMWare. Luczo also served on the Advisory Boards of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

In 2016 Institutional Investor (magazine) ranked Luczo among the world’s top 3 CEOs of IT Hardware & Electronics Manufacturing Services companies, based on the votes of sell-side analysts; in 2015 the magazine ranked him a top 3 CEO in the same category, based on buy-side analysts’ votes, and in 2014 he was ranked a top 5 CEO by sell-side analysts in the same category. In 2015, Harvard Business Review ranked Luczo number 6 among “The Best-Performing CEOs in the World.” In 2014, CNN Money named Luczo among the 5 top performing CEOs in America,

and Harvard Business Review ranked Luczo number 34 among the top 100 “Best-Performing CEOs in the World.” In 2013 Bloomberg ranked Luczo No. 1 among its Top 20 list of technology leaders. In August, 2013, Luczo was awarded the Darjah Setia Pangkuan Negeri (DSPN), the Order of the Defender of State — Knight Commander Mylaysia, which carries the title of Dato, for his contributions to the state of Penang. In 2012, Luczo was ranked 21st on Fortune Magazine’s Top 50 Businesspersons of the Year.

Stephen J. “Steve” Luczo (born February 28, 1957 in Chicago, Illinois) is the Chairman of the board of directors and CEO of Seagate. In January 2009, Luczo, Seagate’s chairman, was appointed president and chief executive officer, returning him to the role he held at Seagate from 1998 to 2004. Since Luczo’s return in 2009, Seagate’s stock has appreciated by 1600%, placing it among the top 5 performing stocks in the S&P 500.

Luczo is a member of the board of directors of the World Wildlife Fund, a member of the Advisory Board for All-Stars Helping Kids and is active in a variety of charitable and for-profit ventures through a wholly owned entity, Balance Vector, Inc. His charity initiatives are primarily focused on global environmental issues and programs to help at-risk children in the urban centers of the United States and the rural areas of Sicily, and he is a major donor to Stanford University and Hospital, the World Wildlife Fund, and the Palo Alto Medical Foundation. In 2015, to recognize his support for education in service to the Italian Republic, Italy’s President Sergio Mattarella honored Luczo with the title Cavaliere dell’Ordine della Stella d’Italia (a knighthood known in English as the “Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity”).

He has served on the boards of directors of Microsoft Corporation (including serving on the CEO Search Committee and as Chairman of the Compensation Committee), Veritas Software and VMWare. Luczo also served on the Advisory Boards of the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

In 2016 Institutional Investor (magazine) ranked Luczo among the world’s top 3 CEOs of IT Hardware & Electronics Manufacturing Services companies, based on the votes of sell-side analysts; in 2015 the magazine ranked him a top 3 CEO in the same category, based on buy-side analysts’ votes, and in 2014 he was ranked a top 5 CEO by sell-side analysts in the same category. In 2015, Harvard Business Review ranked Luczo number 6 among “The Best-Performing CEOs in the World.” In 2014, CNN Money named Luczo among the 5 top performing CEOs in America, and Harvard Business Review ranked Luczo number 34 among the top 100 “Best-Performing CEOs in the World.” In 2013 Bloomberg ranked Luczo No. 1 among its Top 20 list of technology leaders. In August, 2013, Luczo was awarded the Darjah Setia Pangkuan Negeri (DSPN), the Order of the Defender of State — Knight Commander Mylaysia, which carries the title of Dato, for his contributions to the state of Penang. In 2012, Luczo was ranked 21st on Fortune Magazine’s Top 50 Businesspersons of the Year.

Early career:

After graduating from Stanford in 1979, Steve was hired as a staff accountant in the audit practice of Touche Ross &Co., one of the original “Big Eight” accounting firms. Luczo was the first non- accounting major hired by the firm to work in the audit group. During his first year, he was assigned to assist the City and County of San Francisco in transitioning to a new, then state of the art, mini computing system. During the transition, the City lost control over its cash and payables system, and Luczo was assigned to a 3-member special team appointed by Mayor Dianne Feinstein, to resolve the system issue, which had resulted in a $200 million discrepancy between the cash system and the payable system. The issue was resolved within 5 days and as a result, Luczo was offered the opportunity to lead system deployment at any of 5 major City Departments.

Luczo left Touch Ross in 1980 to pursue the system development and deployment at the Port of San Francisco, which was transitioning from a Sperry Univac 1005 to a Microdata Minicomputer. He was responsible for managing all systems and application architecture and development for the Port, reporting to the chief financial officer. In late 1981 he was promoted to Acting chief financial officer of the Port, and resigned in August 1982 to attend the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

After graduating from the Stanford GSB in 1984, Steve joined Salomon Brothers, Inc. He attended the 1984 Salomon Brothers training program (the year before Michael Lewis did as described in Liar’s Poker and was hired into the Municipal Finance Department, and was based in San Francisco. Salomon Brothers was the leading underwriter of Municipal Bonds nationally as was the Firms West Coast office, under the leadership of Terry Atkinson. Luczo financed a wide variety of municipal projects including those for the Irvine Ranch Water District, the LA Department of Water and Power (“LADWOP”), the Metropolitan Water District of LA, the Orange County (“John Wayne”) Airport, the University of Arizona, the Central Arizona Water Project, the Sisters of Providence Health Care System, and the Santa Clara Water District. Luczo was involved with over 50 financings, which provided billions of dollars of funding for important infrastructure, educational and health care projects.

Stephen Luczo was the Senior managing director of the Global Technology Group of Bear, Stearns & Co. Inc., an investment banking firm, from February 1992 to October 1993. Prior to joining Bear, Stearns & Co., he was an investment banker at Salomon Brothers, Inc. from 1984–1992. While at Salomon Brothers, Luczo led the investment banking team for Seagate when it acquired the Imprimis Disk Drive Unit from Control Data in 1989. Subsequent to his advisory work for Seagate, Luczo advised Control Data in the formation of Ceridian and Control Data Systems

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Stuart Rose
Stuart Rose

Stuart Alan Ransom Rose, Baron Rose of Monewden Kt (born 17 March 1949) is an English businessman, who was the executive chairman of the British retailer Marks & Spencer. Following the appointment of Marc Bolland in May 2010, Rose stepped down as executive chairman at the end of July 2010 and remained as chairman until early 2011 when he was replaced by Robert Swannell. He was knighted in 2008 for his services to the retail industry,and created a Conservative Life Peer on 17 September 2014, taking the title Baron Rose of Monewden, of Monewden in the County of Suffolk.

Career:

Rose first joined Marks & Spencer in 1972, as a management trainee. Rose remained with Marks & Spencer until 1989, when he joined the Burton Group as Chief Executive in 1994. The Burton Group demerged, forming the Arcadia and Debenhams businesses.

In 1997, he joined Argos as Chief Executive, where he was charged with defending the company against a takeover bid from the home shopping giant, Great Universal Stores (GUS). Ultimately, GUS did succeed in taking control of Argos, although Rose was widely praised for negotiating an increased price for the retailer.

In a turbulent time in its history, Rose became the Chief Executive of Booker plc, where he oversaw the merger of the company with Iceland to form the Big Food Group.

Rose joined the Arcadia Group in 2000 as Chief Executive and left in 2002 following its acquisition. Rose turned around the fortunes of the Arcadia Group, and sold the group for over £800m, netting himself around £25m as part of the deal.

Rose received an Honorary Doctorate from Heriot-Watt University in 2007

He was appointed to the position of Chief Executive of Marks & Spencer in May 2004 at the age of 56 and subsequently fought off several takeover bids by Philip Green for the Group. For this role he was paid an annual salary of £1,130,000. Rose appeared to be rejuvenating the Marks & Spencer Group as he did at Arcadia. In January 2007, he was named the “2006 Business Leader of the Year” by the World Leadership Forum for his efforts in restoring the fortunes of Marks & Spencer. He was knighted in the 2008 New Year Honours and was appointed chairman of Business in the Community on 1 January 2008.

On 10 March 2008, it was reported that Rose was to become executive chairman of Marks & Spencer from 1 June 2008.However, in the light of a recent profits warning, which sparked an unprecedented thirty per cent-plus plunge in the company’s shares, this appointment caused some concern to many shareholders.Nevertheless, they voted to re-appoint him at their annual meeting on 9 July 2008.

He stepped down as chief executive in May 2010, as executive chairman in July 2010, and as chairman in January 2011 following the appointment of Robert Swannell.

On 19 January 2011, Rose was appointed as a non-executive director of Woolworths Holdings Ltd, a large South African retail group listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange.

On 6 September 2012, Rose was appointed as non-executive chairman of Dressipi.com, an online personalised fashion service that matches clothes and accessories to a shopper’s shape, style and individual preferences.

On 22 January 2013 it was announced that Rose will be appointed as an independent non-executive director and chairman Designate of Ocado, a UK internet-only grocery retailer, effective from 11 March.

He was recruited to advise the Government on turning around failing hospitals, asked to examine how to improve the organisational culture in under-performing hospitals and ways to recruit talent from inside and outside the NHS in February 2014.

In 2014, Rose was created a life peer and took a seat on the Conservative Benches in the House of Lords.

Sunil Khairnar
Sunil Khairnar

Mr. Sunil Khairnar serves as a Director of Topworth Group of Companies. Mr. Khairnar is a vastly experienced professional in the food and agribusiness sector in India. He has keen interest and is deeply involved in integration of small and marginal farmers into market systems and also works towards optimum utilization of IT and Internet Applications in Agriculture and Rural Development. He is on the boards of a large livelihood based Micro Finance organization based in Hyderabad and a company setting up an Ultra Mega Food Park in Karnataka.

Mr. Khairnar served as a Director of National Bulk Handling Corporation Ltd. He was the founder director in an Indo-Australian joint venture for bio diesel from jatropha called Mission Biofuels India Pvt. Ltd. His knowledge and expertise stands him in good stead to drive the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities and Public Affairs for the Financial Technologies group. Mr. Khairnar’s mandate includes conceptualizing and implementing CSR projects. Prior to Financial Technologies, he worked in the food and agribusiness sector in India for more than 14 years. After working in various commercial functions with the Godrej group and Cargill Inc. for 7 years, he conceptualized and set up Indian Agribusiness Systems Pvt. Ltd. He founded Indian Society of Agribusiness Professionals (www.isapindia.org) which works in agriculture and rural development in 18 Indian states.

Mr. Khairnar has been on various committees connected with agriculture at the Planning Commission, Prasar Bharti and various Govt. Departments. He contributes on the advisory boards of development journals and an agricultural university. He was elected to the Ashoka Fellowship of the Ashoka Foundation in the USA in 2001. He is the Founder Member of Rural Marketing Association of India. Mr. Khairnar is a graduate in Agriculture Engineering and a Post Graduate in Management from IIM, Ahmedabad.

S N Subrahmanyan
S N Subrahmanyan

Sekharipuram Narayanan Subrahmanyan was born into the world in 16th March 1960 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He is the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Larsen and Toubro. He assumed control over the reins from Mr Anil Manibhai Naik on 1 July 2017. S N Subrahmanyan is likewise the Vice Chairman on the Boards of LTI and L&T Technology Services, Non-Executive Chairman of L&T Metro Rail (Hyderabad) Limited and Vice Chairman of the Indian global IT and rethinking organization, Mindtree procured March 2019. In February 2021, he was named Chairman of the National Safety Council (NSC) for a very long time by the Union Ministry of Labor and Employment. In this job, SNS will direct the NSC, which has a significant part to play to guarantee security in work environments under the new Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020 (OSH Code, 2020).

S N Subrahmanyan’s dad, late Sri S Narayanan was a General Manager with the Indian Railways. He learned at Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School, Mylapore in Chennai and finished his graduation in Civil Engineering from Regional Engineering College Kurukshetra (Presently National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra or NIT Kurukshetra), Kurukshetra University in 1982. He sought after a Masters in Business Administration from Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, Pune, the University of Poona followed by an Executive Management Program from the London Business School. S N Subrahmanyan is hitched to Mrs Meena Subrahmanyan, a Postgraduate in Economics and a Gold Medalist from Stella Maris College, Madras University. The couple have two children, Sujay and Suraj. He likewise has a distinct fascination for Western Classical music and cricket.

S N Subrahmanyan joined the ECC Division of Larsen and Toubro in 1984 and started working with pioneers like Cheyur Ramaswamy Ramakrishnan (previous Joint Managing Director, L&T), A Ramakrishna (previous President and Deputy Managing Director, L&T) and K V Rangaswami (previous President, ECC). In July 2011, S N Subrahmanyan was selected as full-time Director on the L&T Board and assigned as Member of the Board and Senior Executive Vice President (Construction). In October 2015, he was assigned Deputy Managing Director and President, L&T. In 2017, he was elevated to the part of Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Larsen and Toubro (L&T) by the organization’s directorate. He was Ranked 36th in the ‘2014 Construction Week Power 100. He was Featured in the Top 50 Utilities Leaders In The GCC 2021.